Can the artificial heart make the circulation become fractal?

T. Yambe, S. Nanka, S. Naganuma, S. Kobayashi, H. Akiho, Y. Kakinuma, N. Ohsawa, S. Nitta, T. Fukuju, M. Miura, N. Uchida, K. Tabayashi, A. Tanaka, N. Yoshizumi, K. Abe, M. Takayasu, H. Takayasu, M. Yoshizawa, H. Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


In order to analyze the hemodynamic parameters in prosthetic circulation as an entity and not as decomposed parts, non linear mathematical analyzing techniques, including the fractal dimension analyzing theory, were utilized. Two pneumatically actuated ventricular assist devices were implanted, as biventricular bypasses (BVB), in chronic animal experiments, using four healthy adult goats. For the comparison between the natural and prosthetic circulation in the same animals, the BVB type complete prosthetic circulation model with ventricular fibrillation, was adopted. All hemodynamic parameters with natural and prosthetic circulation were recorded under awake conditions, and calculated with a personal computer system. Using the non-linear mathematical technique, the arterial blood pressure waveform was embedded into the return map as the beat-to-beat time series data and fractal dimension analysis were performed to analyze the reconstructed attractor. By the use of the Box counting method, fractal dimension analysis of the hemodynamics was performed. Return map of the hemodynamics during natural and artificial circulation showed fractal characteristics, and fractal dimension analysis of the arterial blood pressure revealed the fact that lower dimensional fractal dynamics were evident during prosthetic circulation. Fractal time series data is suggested to have robustness and error resistance, thus our results suggest that the circulatory regulatory system with an artificial heart may have these desired characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-196
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995


  • Box-counting method
  • Chaos
  • Deterministic chaos
  • Fractal
  • Fractal dimension
  • Total artificial heart


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