Carbon steady-state model of the planktonic food web of Lake Biwa, Japan

Nathalie Niquil, Gretta Bartoli, Jotaro Urabe, George A. Jackson, Louis Legendre, Christine Dupuy, M. Kumagai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


1. A steady-state model of carbon flows was developed to describe the summer planktonic food web in the surface mixed-layer of the North Basin in Lake Biwa, Japan. This model synthesised results from numerous studies on the plankton of Lake Biwa. 2. An inverse analysis procedure was used to estimate missing flow values in a manner consistent with known information. Network analysis was applied to characterise emergent properties of the resulting food web. 3. The system strongly relied on flows related to detrital particles. Whereas primary production was mainly by phytoplankton >20 μm, microzooplankton were active and mainly ingested detritus and bacteria. 4. The main emergent property of the system was strong recycling, through either direct ingestion of non-living material by zooplankton, or ingestion of bacteria after degradation of detritus to release dissolved organic carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1570-1585
Number of pages16
JournalFreshwater Biology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug


  • Detritus
  • Food web
  • Lake
  • Plankton
  • Static model


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