Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) for the monitoring of the atherosclerosis after heart transplantation

T. Yambe, X. Meng, X. Hou, Q. Wang, K. Sekine, Y. Shiraishi, M. Watanabe, T. Yamaguchi, M. Shibata, T. Kuwayama, M. Maruyama, S. Konno, S. Nitta

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Atherosclerosis has been reported to progress rapidly after heart transplantation. A quantitative diagnosis is required for the diagnosis of atherosclerosis after heart transplantation. In this study, we compared brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) for the diagnosis. The average values of both baPWV and CAVI in the seven cases after heart transplantation were found to be signif-icantly large in comparison to the average values of the normal healthy people of the same age group. When comparisons were made before and after the heart transplantation in a particular case, CAVI was stable and baPWV changed sharply. A lot of parameters such as blood pressure, blood volume, etc. have been reported to influence baPWV. The results of this study suggested that CAVI was a stable parameter in comparison to baPWV even after heart transplantation. Thus, CAVI may be useful in the diagnosis of arteriosclerosis after heart transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S177-S179
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI)
  • Heart transplantation
  • Pulse wave velocity (PWV)
  • baPWV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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