Cardiovascular effects of YM099, a novel K+ channel opener, in anesthetized and conscious dogs

Wataru Uchida, Yusuke Hirano, Taku Taguchi, Noriyuki Masuda, Yasuko Shirai, Noboru Satoh, Toichi Takenaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Cardiovascular effects of a newly synthesized benzoxadiazol derivative K+ channel opener, YM099, 2-(7,8-dihydro-6,6-dimethyl-6H-[1,4]oxazino[2,3-f{hook}][2,1,3]benzoxadiazol-8-yl) pyridine N-oxide, were evaluated in dogs. In pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs, YM099 (1-10 μg/kg i.v.), similarly to levcromakalim (1-10 μg/kg i.v.), dose dependently increased coronary artery blood flow, max.dp/dt and cardiac output, and decreased total peripheral resistance and mean blood pressure, with a small increase in heart rate. These vasodilator effects were antagonized by glibenclamide (3 mg/kg i.v.). Interestingly, YM099 selectively increased coronary artery blood flow, although it increased carotid, coronary, mesenteric and renal artery blood flows and cardiac output. In addition, YM099 (1-10 μg/kg i.v.) increased large conductive coronary artery vessel diameter as well as coronary artery blood flow. In conscious dogs, YM099 (100 μg/kg i.v.) also increased the diameter of large conductive and small resistive coronary arteries. In conclusion, YM099 is a potent vasodilator agent, with particularly pronounced effects on the coronary artery. These effects of YM099 may be mediated by the opening of ATP-sensitive K+ channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-293
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Nov 3
Externally publishedYes


  • (Dog)
  • Coronary artery blood flow
  • Coronary artery vessel diameter
  • Glibenclamide
  • K channel opener
  • Levromakalim
  • YM099

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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