Cardiovascular Responses Associated with the Moving Beans Task: Influence of Psychological Characteristics

Kazuaki Iokawa, Masanori Munakata, Tomomi Hattori, Shuko Saiki, Toshimasa Sone, Masahiro Kohzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background and Objective High blood pressure (BP) after stroke is associated with a poor outcome. However, exercise training or speech therapy for patients with stroke can raise the BP. The aim of this study was to examine cardiovascular responses during the moving beans task (MBT) used in occupational therapy and to study the influence of psychological characteristics on cardiovascular responses during this task in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods In 34 healthy volunteers, the BP and the heart rate (HR) were continuously measured during the baseline period, the 5-minute MBT, and the 1-minute cold pressor test (CPT). All subjects completed self-reported questionnaires, including the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the State Trait Anxiety Inventory Y-2, and the Japanese version of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Results The systolic blood pressure (SBP), the diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and the mean blood pressure (MBP) significantly increased during the MBT and the CPT compared with the baseline values. SBP, DBP, and MBP responses during the MBT significantly correlated with the TAS-20 scores. Moreover, DBP response during the MBT correlated with the CES-D scores. Conclusions The MBT significantly raised BP without increasing the HR. BP responses during this task were influenced by the psychological characteristics of depression and alexithymia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2013-2018
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sept


  • Blood pressure
  • alexithymia
  • depression
  • occupational therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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