Cation ordering of (110) and (211) sectors in grandite garnet from Mali

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The cation ordering of the (110)c and (211)c growth sectors in birefringent garnet from Kayas, Mali was investigated by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SC-XRD) method The chemical compositions of the (110)c and (211)c sectors were determined as (Ca2.96Mg0.04Mn0.04)Σ3.04(Fe0.97Al0.95Ti0.11)Σ2.03Si2.93O12, and (Ca2.91Mg0.05Mn0.03)Σ2.99(Fe1.01Al0.90Ti0.14)Σ2.05Si2.93O12, respectively. Reflections that violate the extinction rule for the space group Ia3d were observed, and crystal structure models for both the (110)c and (211)c sectors should have triclinic symmetry with the space group I1. The unit-cell parameters of both growth sectors were a = 11.9739(13), b = 11.9742(14), c = 11.9737(13) Å, α = 90.001(9), β = 90.098(9) and γ = 90.014 (10)° for the (110)c sector; a = 11.952(6), b = 11.952(6), c = 11.957(6) Å, α = 90.06(4), β = 90.01(4) and γ = 89.94(4)° for the (211)c sector. Structure refinements for I1 models of both sectors were convergent with R1 = 3.02 and 3.36%, respectively. There were significant differences in the Fe3+ distribution trend in the Y sites between the (110)c and (211)c sectors. The Fe3+ occupancies of the eight Y sites in the (110)c sector were 66.9(8), 66.0(8), 63.2(8), 60.0(8), 49.8(8), 49.5(8), 47.8(8), and 46.7(8)%. The octahedral Y sites of (110)c sector can be divided into two groups. In terms of symmetry, Fe3+ distribution in the Y site of the (110)c sector appeared to be pseudo-orthorhombic. In contrast, the Fe3+ distributions in the eight Y sites of the (211)c sector as follows: 60.0(10), 41.9(10), 62.7(10), 69.1(10), 55.5(10), 53.2(10), 55.7(10), and 43.5(10)%. The Fe3+ occupancies in the Y sites of the (211)c sector were random and different from that of the (110)c sector. Different cation distributions between the growth sectors in the Mali garnet indicate that cation ordering in the crystal structure was formed during growth. These observations suggest that the differences in the Fe3+ distribution between the (110)c and (211)c sectors are strongly affected by the growth process in each sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-397
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Cation ordering
  • Garnet
  • Sectoral structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geology


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