The Nobiru Coast is situated on the southwest of the Ishinomaki Bay. The 2011 Great East Japan Tsunami severely devastated the Nobiru Coast and the adjacent Naruse River mouth. In this study, an investigation was conducted based on the available historic maps and images combined with in situ surveys that revealed the century-to-decade morphology change and sediment budget alteration in the Nobiru Coast. During the past two centuries, the longshore transport on the northeast coast and sediment supply from the Naruse River were the principal sediment supply onto the Nobiru Coast and the estimated annual net sediment input into the coast was 87,000 m3 /y. Until several decades ago, the construction of the Ishinomaki Port and the erosion preventing constructions (breakwaters, headlands) along the Ohmagari Coast on the northeast areas caused a dramatic reduction of longshore transport to the Nobiru Coast. Hence, the net sediment input fell to 46,000 m3 /y. After the tsunami, the sediment input was further reduced to 29,000 m3 /y and this loss was closely related to the intruded sediment into the Naruse River. The outcomes of this study are highly valuable for the government authorities to manage the long-term coastal and riverine morphological changes after the 2011 tsunami.
- 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami
- Depth of closure
- Sediment budget
- Sediment intrusion