Challenges of the Japanese higher education Amidst population decline and globalization

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18 Citations (Scopus)


The Japanese higher education system has struggled with a demographic decline of the university-age population since the 1990s. The expected shrinkage of the overall consumer market due to ageing also significantly pressures Japanese enterprises to expand business in the global market outside Japan. Under these conditions, Japanese universities, heavily reliant on the national language and culture, are facing pressure to internationalise their outlook and operations. However, brain drain is a topic lacking in active discussion, partly because of the continuing inward-oriented preferences of Japanese students, which is aimed towards traditional career mobility within Japanese companies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-52
Number of pages10
JournalGlobalisation, Societies and Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1


  • Asia-Pacific
  • Population decline
  • demographic onus
  • higher education
  • internationalisation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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