Changes in strengthening mechanisms in creep of 9Cr-1.8W-0.5Mo-VNb steel tested over wide ranges of creep conditions

Kouichi Maruyama, Nobuaki Sekido, Kyosuke Yoshimi

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12 Citations (Scopus)


The present paper studies stress, temperature and heat dependence of creep rupture life of 9Cr-1.8W-0.5Mo-VNb (Gr. 92) steel with creep rupture data of 4 heats reported in National Institute for Materials Science Creep Data Sheet 48B. In creep of Gr. 92 steel there are four regions, H, M, L and G, showing different stress and temperature dependence of creep rupture life. Creep rupture life of Gr. 92 steel increases with increasing hardness after tempering in Regions H and M (high and medium stress), and with increasing prior austenite grain size in long-term Region G. Its creep rupture life is insensitive to the heats in low-stress Region L. Creep rupture lives of the steel are formulated in each region as a function of stress, temperature and a metallurgical variable determining its creep rupture life. Two types of breakdown in creep strength (substantial decrease in stress exponent for creep rupture life) take place in Gr. 92 steel; one from Region M to Region L, and the other from Region M or L to Region G. Since Gr. 92 steel is used in Region G in steam power boilers, the second breakdown to Region G is of engineering importance. Causes of the second breakdown are discussed with creep rupture data of four grades of creep strength enhanced ferritic steels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104312
JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr


  • Creep rupture life
  • Grade 92 steel
  • Grain size effect
  • Heat dependence
  • Multi-region modelling
  • Strengthening mechanism


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