We discuss the character of states near the Fermi level in Mn-doped GaAs, as revealed by a survey of dc transport and optical studies over a wide range of Mn concentrations. A thermally activated valence-band contribution to dc transport, a midinfrared peak at energy ω 200 meV in the ac conductivity, and the hot photoluminescence spectra indicate the presence of an impurity band in low-doped (1% Mn) insulating GaAs:Mn materials. Consistent with the implications of this picture, both the impurity-band ionization energy inferred from the dc transport and the position of the midinfrared peak move to lower energies, and the peak broadens with increasing Mn concentration. In metallic materials with >2% doping, no traces of Mn-related activated contribution can be identified in dc transport, suggesting that the impurity band has merged with the valence band. No discrepancies with this perception are found when analyzing optical measurements in the high-doped GaAs:Mn. A higher-energy (ω 250 meV) midinfrared feature which appears in the metallic samples is associated with inter-valence-band transitions. Its redshift with increased doping can be interpreted as a consequence of increased screening, which narrows the localized-state valence-band tails and weakens higher-energy transition amplitudes. Our examination of the dc and ac transport characteristics of GaAs:Mn is accompanied by comparisons with its shallow acceptor counterparts, confirming the disordered valence-band picture of high-doped metallic GaAs:Mn material.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Sept 18|