Characteristic Profiles of Inflammatory Cytokines in the Aqueous Humor of Glaucomatous Eyes

Taiki Kokubun, Satoru Tsuda, Hiroshi Kunikata, Masayuki Yasuda, Noriko Himori, Shiho Kunimatsu-Sanuki, Kazuichi Maruyama, Toru Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To analyze cytokine profiles of the aqueous humor of eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), neovascular glaucoma (NVG), and cataract (as controls). Methods: A multiplex bead assay was used to measure concentrations of 27 cytokines in aqueous humor samples from 54 eyes. Results: Detection rates were as follows: IL-7: NVG higher than POAG; IL-10: POAG lower than cataract or NVG; and GM-CSF: cataract higher than POAG or NVG. Concentrations were as follows: IL-8, IP-10, MCP-1, and MIP-1β: POAG and NVG higher than cataract; IL-9: POAG lower than NVG; IL-12: POAG lower than cataract or NVG; and VEGF: NVG higher than cataract or POAG and POAG lower than cataract. Further analysis showed that IL-8, IP-10, MCP-1, and MIP-1β were correlated with intraocular pressure and age. Conclusions: The detection rates and levels of various cytokines had different patterns in POAG and NVG patients, suggesting distinctive alterations in the microenvironment in different types of glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1177-1188
Number of pages12
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 17


  • Aqueous humor
  • cytokine
  • glaucoma
  • NVG
  • POAG


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