We have fabricated CoO-coated monodispersive Co cluster assemblies with the mean cluster size of 13 nm at various oxygen gas-flow rate RO2 by a plasma-gas-condensation-type cluster beam deposition technique, and studied their electrical conductivity, σ, and magnetoresistance. For RO2 < 0.24SCCM (sccm denotes cubic centimeter per minute), the resistivity revealed a minimum and showed lnT dependence at lower temperatures, probably due to the weak localization of conduction electrons owing to presence of thin oxide shells covering Co cores. A small negative magnetoresistance was observed in this regime. For RO2 > 0.3SCCM, tunnel-type temperature dependence of σ in the form of ln σ vs 1/T was observed between 7 and 80 K. This differs from the well-known temperature dependence of ln σ vs 1/T1/2 for disordered granular materials. The magnetoresistance ratio, (ρH=30 kOe-ρ0)/ρ0, is negative and its absolute value increases sharply with decreasing temperature below 25 K: from 3.5% at 25 K to 20.5% at 4.2 K. This marked increase, by a factor of 6, is much larger than those observed for conventional metal-insulator granular systems. These results are ascribed to a prominent cotunneling effect in the Coulomb blockade regime, arising from the uniform Co core size and CoO shell thickness in the present monodispersed cluster assemblies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|