Characteristics of Oxidation and Oxygen Penetration of Alloy 690 in 600 °C Aerated Supercritical Water

Xiangyu Zhong, Xinqiang Wu, En Hou Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The oxide films formed on Alloy 690 exposed to 600 °C supercritical water were characterized using mass measurement, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that the mass gain of the alloy in supercritical water decreased with increasing exposure time. The oxide films have a double-layer structure, with an inner layer rich in Cr and outer layer rich in Ni and Fe after short time and long time exposure. The penetration of the oxide along the grain boundaries was observed, and the penetration depth increased with increasing exposure time. The grain boundaries and voids are the short-path of oxygen diffusion into the metal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-569
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • High temperature corrosion
  • High temperature oxidation
  • Ni-based alloy
  • Oxide film
  • Supercritical water
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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