Characteristics of perseverative errors by school-age children

Ryuji Sato, Toru Hosokawa, Atsushi Tanaka, Norio Murai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The present study was designed to investigate characteristics by 38 school-age children in Grades 2, 4, and 6 of perseverative errors using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Children's performance was measured as number of categories completed and perseverative errors, which were classified into perseverative errors of types described by Milner in 1963 and Nelson in 1976. Analysis indicated that the number of completed categories increased and perseverative errors decreased across age groups. Perseverative errors (Milner) were very similar in these grades and perseverative errors (Nelson) were significantly different between children in Grades 2 and 4. The results suggested a pattern of development for shifting inhibiting set.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1080
Number of pages6
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number3 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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