Characterization of a functional ZBP-89 binding site that mediates Gata1 gene expression during hematopoietic development

Kinuko Ohneda, Shin'ya Ohmori, Yasushi Ishijima, Mayu Nakano, Masayuki Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


GATA-1 is a lineage-restricted transcription factor that plays essential roles in hematopoietic development. The Gata1 gene hematopoietic enhancer allowed Gata1 reporter expression in erythroid cells and megakaryocytes of transgenic mice. The Gata1 hematopoietic enhancer activity is strictly dependent on a GATA site located in the 5′ region of the enhancer. However, the importance of the GC-rich region adjacent to the 3′-end of this GATA site has been also suggested. In this study, we show that this GC-rich region contains five contiguous deoxyguanosine residues (G5 string) that are bound by multiple nuclear proteins. Interestingly, deletion of one deoxyguanosine residue from the G5 string (G4 mutant) specifically eliminates binding to ZBP-89, a Krüppel-like transcription factor, but not to Sp3 and other binding factors. We demonstrate that GATA-1 and ZBP-89 occupy chromatin regions of the Gata1 enhancer and physically associate in vitro through zinc finger domains. Gel mobility shift assays and DNA affinity precipitation assays suggest that binding of ZBP-89 to this region is reduced in the absence of GATA-1 binding to the G1HE. Luciferase reporter assays demonstrate that ZBP-89 activates the Gata1 enhancer depending on the G5 string sequence. Finally, transgenic mouse studies reveal that the G4 mutation significantly reduced the reporter activity of the Gata1 hematopoietic regulatory domain encompassing an 8.5-kbp region of the Gata1 gene. These data provide compelling evidence that the G5 string is necessary for Gata1 gene expression in vivo and ZBP-89 is the functional trans-acting factor for this cis-acting region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30187-30199
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct 30
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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