Characterization of epitaxixally grown Fe-N films by sputter beam method

Satoshi Okamoto, Osamu Kitakami, Yutaka Shimada

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21 Citations (Scopus)


We have prepared epitaxial Fe-N martensite (α′) films on α-Fe (001) single-crystal underlayers by the sputter beam method and synthesized a metastable α″-Fe16N2 phase by post-annealing. The saturation magnetization (4πMs) of the α′ phase films is in the range of 21.9-23.3 kGauss which is larger than that of α-Fe. Magnetization of the annealed samples containing α″-Fe16N2 phase have increased with the x-ray diffraction intensity ratio of α″(002) to [α″(004) + α′(002)]. Very careful analysis of x-ray diffraction data gives more reliable value on the volume fraction of the α″ phase in the annealed samples. As a result, it is found that the Fe-N film with magnetization of 24.7 kG contains 32 vol %-α″ phase within it. This result leads us to believe that α″-Fe16N2 phase has a remarkably large saturation magnetization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1678-1683
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Feb 1


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