Characterization of hexose transporter for facilitated diffusion of the tonoplast vesicles from pear fruit

Katsuhiro Shiratake, Yoshinori Kanayama, Shohei Yamaki

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18 Citations (Scopus)


Tonoplast vesicles were prepared from the flesh tissue of mature pear fruit. Sugar uptakes into the vesicles deter-mined by two different methods, the membrane and the gel filtration methods, were quite similar. The uptake was highest for glucose and subsequently, in order, for fructose, sucrose and sorbitol. It was not stimulated by addition of ATP, although the vesicles could create a proton gradient. However, the uptakes were significantly inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzene sulphonate (PCMBS, SH-reagent and inhibitor of sugar transporter). Further, the PCMBS-sensitive uptakes of glucose and fructose saturated with their increased concentrations. Thus, these PCMBS-sensitive uptakes are mediated by the transporter of facilitated diffusion. The uptakes of glucose or fructose each had two K(m) values. K(m) values for glucose were 0.35 and 18 mM, and those for fructose were 1.6 and 25 mM. The uptake of 0.2 mM glucose was inhibited by 2 mM fructose and that of 2 mM fructose was inhibited by 2 mM glucose, but neither was inhibited by sucrose or sorbitol. O-methyl-glucose (OMG) also inhibited both the glucose and fructose uptakes. Therefore, the same transporter may mediate both glucose and fructose uptakes at lower concentrations; this hexose transport system differed from the sucrose and sorbitol transport systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)910-916
Number of pages7
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Aug


  • Facilitated diffusion
  • Fructose
  • Glucose
  • Pear (Pyrus communis) fruit
  • Sugar transport
  • Tonoplast vesicles


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