Three molecular species of Mg2+-dependent protein phosphatase (MPPs-1, -2, and -3) were isolated by DEAE cellulose column chromatography and gel filtration from an extract of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. MPP-1 was further purified 150-fold by chromatography using thio-phosphorylated myosin light chain-agarose. MPPs-1, -2, and -3 were distinct from the major acid and alkaline phosphatases, and their activities were not affected by okadaic acid, microcystin-LR or Ca2+, and calmodulin, resembling the enzymatic properties of type 2C protein phosphatase of mammalian cells. The apparent molecular masses of MPPs-1, -2, and -3 on gel filtration were 53, 112, and 128 kDa, respectively. It was demonstrated that MPP-1 is a globular protein of 53-55 kDa and that MPPs-2 and -3 are oligomeric proteins that dissociate upon sucrose density gradient centrifugation, generating catalytic proteins of about 50 kDa. Since the substrate specificities of MPPs-1, -2, and -3 differed from each other both before and after sucrose density gradient centrifugation, it was suggested that the catalytic proteins of these three enzymes are distinct molecular species.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 Apr|
- Okadaic acid
- Oligomeric enzyme
- Protein phosphatase