In this study, catalysts for CO oxidation were prepared through in-situ activation of Ce50Ni50-xAux intermetallic compounds and characterized; these included Ce50Ni50 and Ce50Ni45Au5. Ribbon samples of intermetallic compounds were fabricated by single-roller melt spinning and then ground into powders for subsequent analysis. XRD patterns of the compounds were indexed as orthorhombic symmetry and no second phase was detected within the limits of low XRD resolution, indicating a homogeneous nature. Among the catalysts evaluated, the metal-oxide complex consisting of Ni–Au and CeO2, synthesized from the in-situ activation of Ce50Ni45Au5 compounds, showed a better catalytic activity for CO oxidation. In the presence of CO, Ce oxidation is thermodynamically favored while Ni oxidation is inhibited. The catalyst of the metal-oxide complex prepared from the Ce50Ni45Au5 compound revealed the CO conversions of 28.1%, 76.3%, 96.3% and 97.1% at reaction temperatures of 100 °C, 150 °C, 200 °C and 250 °C, respectively. SEM results revealed that a large quantity of fine Au–Ni particles were distributed on the CeO2 support after thermal treatment, which contributed to the high CO conversion over the Ce50Ni45Au5 compound at temperatures below 200 °C. Compared with the results in the literature, the high catalytic activity of the Ce50Ni45Au5 intermetallic compound, with a low Au loading of 7.6 wt% and a low surface area of 1.1 m2/g, displayed the most beneficial characteristics for practical applications.
- Ce–Ni intermetallics