Characterization of optically-stimulated luminescence properties by NaCl:Eu2+ crystal and the thermal response

Go Okada, Shuta Motoki, Mune aki Sakamoto, Eiji Kusano, Ryuichi Yada, Yutaka Fujimoto, Takayuki Yanagida, Hidehito Nanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we report optically-stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of Eu2+-doped NaCl single crystal as a candidate phosphor for use in near real-time radiation measurement and dosimetry. The crystal was grown by the vertical Bridgman–Stockbarger method. The obtained crystal shows a strong photoluminescence (PL) band peaking at 430 nm due to the parity-allowed 5d-4f transitions of Eu2+. After irradiating with X-rays, it demonstrates OSL also at 430 nm due to the Eu2+ ion acting as an emission center while stimulating by light (500 ± 30 nm). Compared with a commercial BaFBr:Eu2+ OSL detector, the sensitivity to X-ray dose is lower by about one order of magnitude. In addition, while the crystal is reused multiple times, the OSL response signal increases despite the same given radiation dose. The OSL decay curve can be decomposed into three exponential decay functions with the lifetimes of 0.6, 6.4, and 120.5 s, and the decomposition analyses revealed that only the intensity of intermediate component increases with the number of reused cycles. Further analyses with thermally-stimulated luminescence (TSL) revealed that the intermediate OSL component is related to a TSL glow signal originated from trapping centers having the activation energies of ~0.93 eV and ~1.27 eV and the frequency factors of ~7.52 × 108 s−1 and ~6.29 × 1011 s−1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number158561
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 15


  • Dosimetry
  • Europium
  • NaCl
  • OSL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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