Recognition of self-incompatibility (SI) is regulated by the SRK and SP11 genes in Brassicaceae. Brassica rapa and B. oleracea are self-incompatible, while most cultivated species of B. napus, which arose from hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, are self-compatible. Various studies of the SRK and SP11 genes in self-compatible B. napus have been reported, but details of the mechanism in different B. napus lines are not fully understood. In this study, we confirmed the S haplotypes, SI phenotypes and SP11 expression in 10 representative lines of B. napus, and identified two SI lines (N110 and N343) lacking SP11 expression. In N343 (with BnS1 and BnS6 haplotypes), we confirmed that there is a 3.6-kb insertion in the promoter region of BnSP11-1, and that BnSP11-1 and BnSP11-6 are not expressed, as reported previously (expression of BnSP11-6 is suppressed by the BnS1 haplotype), although this line is self-incompatible. Similarly, in N110, with two novel S haplotypes (BnS8 and BnS9) in addition to BnS6, a 4.3-kb insertion was identified in the promoter region of BnSP11-9, and expression levels of BnSP11-6, BnSP11-8 and BnSP11-9 were all suppressed (BnSP11-6 and BnSP11-8 may be suppressed by BnS8 and BnS9, respectively), although the phenotype was self-incompatible. This observation of an SI phenotype without SP11 expression sug-gests the existence of unknown factor(s) that induce pollen–stigma incompatibility in B. napus.
- Brassica napus
- S haplotype