Characterization of tensile damage and strength in GFRP cross-ply laminates

T. Okabe, H. Sekine, J. Noda, M. Nishikawa, N. Takeda

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22 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the tensile damage process and strength in glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) cross-ply laminates experimentally and numerically. Detailed observations are conducted with a video microscope to comprehend the damage process in the 90 ply. Experimental results indicate that the strength can be approximately estimated from the strength of the 0 ply, independent of the thickness of the 90 ply. Based on these experimental results, we propose a new Monte-Carlo simulation for predicting the damage process and strength in cross-ply laminates. The transverse cracks are expressed by utilizing the cohesive elements, considering both local strength and fracture toughness of the 90 ply. Consequently, the stress-strain relationship, the crack progress, and some characteristic phenomena, such as the constrained effect and incomplete transverse cracks, observed in the experiments can be expressed with this simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-389
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 15


  • Computational simulation
  • Fracture
  • Matrix cracking
  • Modelling


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