Chemical composition of UV-bright star ZNG 4 in the globular cluster M 13

S. Ambika, M. Parthasarathy, W. Aoki, T. Fujii, Y. Nakada, Y. Ita, H. Izumiura

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9 Citations (Scopus)


We present a detailed model-atmosphere analysis of ZNG 4, a UV-bright star in the globular cluster M 13. From the analysis of a high resolution (R ≈ 45 000) spectrum of the object, we derive the atmospheric parameters to be T eff = 8500 ± 250 K, log g = 2.5 ± 0.5 and [Fe/H] = -1.5. Except for magnesium, chromium and strontium, all other even Z elements are enhanced with titanium and calcium being overabundant by a factor of 0.8 dex. Sodium is enhanced by a factor of 0.2 dex. The luminosity of ZNG 4 and its position in the color-magnitude diagram of the cluster indicate that it is a Supra Horizontal Branch (SHB) (post-HB) star. The underabundance of He and overabundances of Ca, Ti, Sc and Ba in the photosphere of ZNG 4 indicate that diffusion and radiative levitation of elements may be in operation in M 13 post-HB stars even at Teff of 8500 K. Detailed and more accurate abundance analysis of post-HB stars in several globular clusters is needed to further understand their abundance anomalies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr


  • Galaxy: globular cluster: individual: M 13
  • Stars: Population II
  • Stars: abundances
  • Stars: evolution
  • Stars: horizontal-branch
  • Stars: individual: ZNG 4


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