Chronic Restraint Stress Affects Network Oscillations in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Mice

Rina Ito, Takanari Nakano, Yasushi Hojo, Miki Hashizume, Mamiko Koshiba, Takayuki Murakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is vulnerable to stress. Its dysfunction is observed in psychiatric disorders manifested as alterations in network oscillations. Mechanisms linking stress load to disturbed emotional–cognitive behaviors are of essential importance to further elucidate therapeutic strategies for psychiatric diseases. Here, we analyzed the effects of chronic restraint stress (CRS) load in juvenile mice on kainic acid (KA)-induced network oscillations in ACC slice preparations and on the forced swim test (FST). The immobility time (IT) was shortened at the beginning of the FST in CRS mice. Power spectral density (PSD) obtained from KA-induced oscillations in field potentials in the superficial layers of the ACC were altered in slices from the CRS mice. The PSD was decreased in CRS mice at the alpha (8–12 Hz), beta (13–30 Hz), low gamma (30–50 Hz), and high gamma (50–80 Hz) components. Noradrenaline increased the PSD of the theta (3–8 Hz) components in both the control and CRS groups, and also in alpha components only in the CRS group. Dopamine did not modulate the PSD of any frequency components in the control mice, whereas it enhanced the PSD of theta and alpha components in CRS mice. It was suggested that chronic stress load affects the dynamics of the network oscillations in the ACC with enhanced cathecolaminergic modulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-183
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 15


  • anterior cingulate cortex
  • chronic stress
  • dopamine
  • hyperactivity
  • network oscillation
  • noradrenaline


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