Eight healthy young male volunteers entered a 20-40 min ultrashort sleep-wake schedule for 78 h in the time-isolation facility. Rectal temperature was continuously recorded. Sleep electroencephalograms (EEGs) obtained during 20 min nap trials were stored in the computer and later analyzed by fast Fourier transform. A two-way repeated-measures ANOVA (with day and time-of-day as the repeated measures) revealed significant circadian rhythms in the powers of sigma and delta sleep EEGs, and in rectal temperature. These results obtained under conditions in which behavioral confounding factors of retiring and rising were experimentally minimized suggest that the circadian pacemaker contributes to determining the hours of day when one can sleep deeply.
- Core body temperature
- Day effect
- Delta power
- Ultrashort sleep-wake schedule