Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the clinical performance of monolithic zirconia single crowns in terms of short-term failure or complications. The secondary purpose was to detect the originating flaws of clinically failed monolithic zirconia crowns to find the causes of failure. Methods: A short-term prospective cohort study based on record evaluation and clinical examination of patients treated with tooth-supported monolithic zirconia crowns was performed in the Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Tohoku University Hospital, Japan. The crowns were prepared during the follow-up period from April 2014 to July 2018. The 3.5-year cumulative success and survival rates were set as primary endpoints. Fractures of the crown or fragments were inspected under a scanning electron microscope for descriptive fractography. Results: During the study period, 40 monolithic zirconia crowns were placed. Four crowns experienced clinical complications, including: 1) fracture of the crown (two crowns), 2) abrasion of the crown (one crown), and 3) fracture of the antagonist tooth (one crown). The estimated Kaplan-Meier 3.5-year success and survival rates were 90.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 73.1–97.1) and 92.8% (95% CI: 74.1–98.3), respectively. Fractography revealed that all fractures were initiated from the wear phase on the occlusal surface. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the molar application of monolithic zirconia crowns requires detailed attention to interocclusal clearance and the restoration of the antagonist tooth.
- Digital dentistry
- Risk factor