Clinical significance of serum surfactant protein D (SP-D) in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis: Correlation with interstitial lung disease

H. Ihn, Y. Asano, M. Kubo, K. Yamane, M. Jinnin, N. Yazawa, M. Fujimoto, K. Tamaki

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Abstract

Objective. To determine the clinical significance of serum surfactant protein D (SP-D) levels in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM). Methods. Serum SP-D levels were assayed using a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 59 patients with PM/DM and in 29 healthy controls. Results. The serum level of SP-D was significantly higher in patients with PM/DM than in healthy controls (mean ± S.D. 61.7 ± 122.6 vs 31.0 ± 12.4 ng/ml, P < 0.01). The serum SP-D level in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) was significantly higher than in those without ILD (118.7 ± 220.2 vs 38.7 ± 21.0 ng/ml, P < 0.001). Serum level of SP-D was correlated with the presence of ILD. The incidences of decreased vital capacity (%VC) and of decreased diffusing capacity of carbon monoxidase (%DLCO) were also significantly greater in patients with an elevated SP-D level than in those with a normal level (64 vs 7%, P < 0.02; 73 vs 27%, P < 0.01). Moreover, the serum SP-D level was inversely correlated with %VC (r 0.452, P < 0.01) and %DLCO (r= -0.349, P < 0.05). Conclusion. The serum SP-D level may be a useful marker for ILD in patients with PM/DM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1268-1272
Number of pages5
JournalRheumatology
Volume41
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Vital capacity

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