Purpose:Precise genetic diagnosis of inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS), a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders, is challenging but essential for precise clinical decision making.Methods:We analyzed 121 IBMFS patients using a targeted sequencing covering 184 associated genes and 250 IBMFS patients using whole-exome sequencing (WES).Results:We achieved successful genetic diagnoses for 53 of 121 patients (44%) using targeted sequencing and for 68 of 250 patients (27%) using WES. In the majority of cases (targeted sequencing: 45/53, 85%; WES: 63/68, 93%), the detected variants were concordant with, and therefore supported, the clinical diagnoses. However, in the remaining 13 cases (8 patients by target sequencing and 5 patients by WES), the clinical diagnoses were incompatible with the detected variants.Conclusion:Our approach utilizing targeted sequencing and WES achieved satisfactory diagnostic rates and supported the efficacy of massive parallel sequencing as a diagnostic tool for IBMFS.Genet Med advance online publication 19 January 2017.
- Fanconi anemia
- inherited bone marrow failure
- nextgeneration sequencing
- target sequencing
- whole-exome sequencing