The alignment dependence and angular dependence of coercivity (ALDC and ANDC, respectively) of aligned and isotropically aligned Ga-doped Nd14.79Ga0.57B5,24Co1.11Febal sintered magnets were analyzed, and the results were compared with those of ferrite magnets, which were reported in our previous paper. The coercivity of Ga-doped Nd-Fe-B magnets decreases as alignment improves. The ALDC of this magnet is similar to that of ferrite magnets. The angle of the magnetization-reversal area (AMRA) of the aligned Ga-doped magnets has at coercivity an angular tilt of 41.4°, which is wider than that of the ferrite magnets. The ANDC of Ga-doped Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets displays similar behavior with that of ferrite magnets but is slightly lower than that of ferrite magnets, which is expected from AMRA of Ga-doped Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets. These results support our proposed coercivity mechanism; specifically, the magnetic domain walls are pinned at grains with tilted easy magnetization directions or c-axis tilted from the easy magnetization of the magnet. When the magnetic domain walls are de-pinned from the pinning sites, they jump through several grains, thereby determining the coercivity.
- coercivity mechanism
- Nd-Fe-B magnet