Coexistence of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in heavy-fermion systems

Y. Kitaoka, Y. Kawasaki, T. Mito, S. Kawasaki, G. Q. Zheng, K. Ishida, D. Aoki, Y. Haga, R. Settai, Y. Onuki, C. Geibel, F. Steglich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We report the novel pressure (P)-temperature (T) phase diagrams of antiferromagnetism (AFM) and superconductivity (SC) in CeRhIn5, CeIn3, and CeCu2Si2 revealed by the nuclear quadrupole resonance measurement. In the itinerant helical magnet CeRhIn5, we found that the Néel temperature TN is reduced at P ≥ 1.23 GPa with an emergent pseudogap behavior. The coexistence of AFM and SC is found in a narrow P range of 1.63-1.75 GPa, followed by the onset of SC with line-node gap over a wide P window 2.1-5 GPa. In CeIn3, the localized magnetic character is robust against the application of pressure up to P ∼ 1.9GPa, beyond which the system evolves into an itinerant regime in which the resistive superconducting phase emerges. We discuss the relationship between the phase diagram and the magnetic fluctuations. In CeCu2Si2, the SC and AFM coexist on a microscopic level once its lattice parameter is expanded. We remark that the underlying marginal AFM state is due to collective magnetic excitations in the superconducting state in CeCu2Si2. An interplay between AFM and SC is discussed on the SO(5) scenario that unifies AFM and SC. We suggest that the SC and AFM in CeCu2Si2 have a common mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2741
Pages (from-to)1141-1146
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Issue number6-8
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • A. Superconductors
  • D. Crystal structure
  • D. Magnetic properties
  • D. Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR)
  • D. Superconductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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