Coexisting Z-type charge and bond order in metallic NaRu2O4

Arvind Kumar Yogi, Alexander Yaresko, C. I. Sathish, Hasung Sim, Daisuke Morikawa, Juergen Nuss, Kenji Tsuda, Yukio Noda, Daniel I. Khomskii, Je Geun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


How particular bonds form in quantum materials has been a long-standing puzzle. Two key concepts dealing with charge degrees of freedom are dimerization (forming metal-metal bonds) and charge ordering. Since the 1930s, these two concepts have been frequently invoked to explain numerous exciting quantum materials, typically insulators. Here we report dimerization and charge ordering within the dimers coexisting in metallic NaRu2O4. By combining high-resolution x-ray diffraction studies and theoretical calculations, we demonstrate that this unique phenomenon occurs through a new type of bonding, which we call Z-type ordering. The low-temperature superstructure has strong dimerization in legs of zigzag ladders, with short dimers in legs connected by short zigzag bonds, forming Z-shape clusters: simultaneously, site-centered charge ordering also appears. Our results demonstrate the yet unknown flexibility of quantum materials with the intricate interplay among orbital, charge, and lattice degrees of freedom.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalCommunications Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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