Cognitive interventions to improve prefrontal functions

Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Yuko Akitsuki, Ryuta Kawashima

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The human prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays major roles in higher cognitive functionsnecessary for maintaining a healthy social life. Psychological and psychiatric problemsare often associated with cognitive impairments associated with PFC. Thus, previouscognitive intervention studies have been conducted to improve the functions associatedwith PFC. In this article, first we describe the functions associated with PFC and itsimportance in cognitive intervention studies. Then, we describe recent advancements incognitive intervention methods, particularly interventions to prevent cognitive decline inhealthy older adults and those to enhance their emotional control and resilience inpreschool children. We also discuss on transfer effects of previous cognitiveintervention, which are often observed. Finally, we discuss on the unresolved issues onthe mechanism underlying the effect of cognitive intervention. We consider that a deeperunderstanding of the effect of cognitive intervention will greatly contribute to humanwelfare and education for all generations. Further multidisciplinary research will berequired to achieve this ultimate goal.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCognitive Impairment
Subtitle of host publicationCauses, Diagnosis and Treatments
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9781608762057
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • Cognitive intervention
  • Early childhood
  • Executive function
  • Older adults
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Transfer effects


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