BACKGROUND: Second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) afatinib as first-line treatment has been demonstrated to improve overall survival (OS) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring an exon 19 deletion (del19) of EGFR compared to platinum-doublet chemotherapy. However, it is unclear whether first-generation EGFR-TKIs improve OS in patients with del19 in the first-line treatment.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of patients with del19 or L858R mutation of EGFR who received gefitinib in the NEJ002 study, which compared gefitinib to carboplatin-paclitaxel.
RESULTS: A total of 58 patients and 57 patients with del19 EGFR received gefitinib and carboplatin-paclitaxel, respectively. No OS differences were observed between patients receiving gefitinib and carboplatin-paclitaxel irrespective of del19 (29.3 months vs. 29.7 months, p=0.53) or L858R (28.4 months vs. 25.1 months, p=0.45).
CONCLUSION: In contrast to afatinib, it is suggested that first-line gefitinib does not improve OS in patients with del19 of EGFR compared with platinum-doublet chemotherapy.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Dec 1|
- EGFR mutation
- exon 19 deletion
- non-small cell lung cancer