Comparison of intraoperative anthropometric measurements of the proximal tibia and tibial component in total knee arthroplasty

Naohisa Miyatake, Takehiko Sugita, Toshimi Aizawa, Akira Sasaki, Ikuo Maeda, Masayuki Kamimura, Hirokazu Fujisawa, Atsushi Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background Precise matching of the tibial component and resected bony surfaces and proper rotational implanting of the tibial component are crucial for successful total knee arthroplasty. We aimed to analyze the exact anthropometric proximal tibial data of Japanese patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty and correlate the measurements with the dimensions of current total knee arthroplasty systems. Methods A total of 703 knees in 566 Japanese patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis were included. The bone resection in the proximal tibia was performed perpendicular to the tibial axis in the frontal plane. Measurements of the proximal tibia were intraoperatively obtained after proximal tibial preparation. Results There were significant positive correlations between the lateral anteroposterior and medial anteroposterior and mediolateral dimensions. A progressive decrease in the mediolateral/lateral anteroposterior ratio with an increasing lateral anteroposterior dimension or the mediolateral/anteroposterior ratio with an increasing anteroposterior dimension was observed. The lateral anteroposterior dimension was smaller than the medial anteroposterior dimension by a mean of 4.8 ± 2.0 mm. The proximal tibia exhibited asymmetry between the lateral and medial plateaus. A comparison of the morphological data and dimensions of the implants, one of which was a symmetric tibial component (NexGen) and the others were asymmetric (Genesis II and Persona), indicated that an asymmetric tibial component could be beneficial to maximize tibial plateau coverage. Conclusions This study provided important reference data for designing a proper tibial component for Japanese people. The proximal tibial cut surface was asymmetric. There was wide dispersion in the lateral anteroposterior, medial anteroposterior, and mediolateral dimensions depending on the patient. Our data showed that the tibial components of the Genesis II and Persona rather than that of the NexGen may be preferable for Japanese people because of their asymmetric design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-639
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sept 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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