Complex formation of Eu(III) with polyacrylic acid

T. Kubota, O. Tochiyama, K. Tanaka, Y. Niibori

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12 Citations (Scopus)


For the quantitative description of the interaction of metal ions with humic substances, it is necessary to clarify the effects of both polyelectrolyte and heterogeneous nature of humic substances. To estimate the polyelectrolyte effect separately, polyacrylic acid (MW = 90 000) has been selected as a representative of well-defined, homogeneous polymeric weak acids, and its interaction with Eu(III) has been investigated by a solvent extraction method using 152Eu (∼ 10-8 M) with TTA and TBP in xylene. By defining the apparent complex formation constants as βα = [ML]/([M][R]), where [M] = [Eu3+], [ML] is the concentration of Eu(III) associated with polyacrylic acid and [R] = CRα (CR is a total concentration of proton exchanging sites and α is a degree of dissociation determined by potentiometric titration), the apparent constants have been obtained at several pcH and ionic strength (0.1 M and 1.0 M NaClO4). The constants increased with pcH and decreased with an increase of ionic strength, that is, the values of log βα varied from 6.0 (at pcH = 4.7) to 7.6 (pcH = 5.5) at 0.1 M NaClO4 and from 4.8 (pcH = 4.4) to 6.5 (pcH = 5.4) at 1.0 M. The plots of log βα versus log α revealed almost linear relationship both at 0.1 and 1.0 M NaClO4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-582
Number of pages4
JournalRadiochimica Acta
Issue number9-11
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Complex formation
  • Eu(III)
  • Polyacrylic acid
  • Polyelectrolyte effect
  • Solvent extraction


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