Using conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and aberration-corrected high-angle annular dark field-scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), compositional irregularity has been identified around long-period stacking order structures (LPSOs) in aged Mg97Zn1Y2alloys, which have coexistence of LPSO and α-Mg matrix. Elemental mappings show that compositional transition layers surround the growing LPSOs. The compositional transition layer includes solute atmosphere in the α-Mg matrix and transition layers of LPSOs with lower concentrations of solute elements. The Zn concentration in a transition layer of LPSO is higher than that of Y, which differs from the α-Mg matrix and LPSOs. The transition layer is an 18R-type stacking sequence. No transition layer was observed after the transformation from 18R-type to 14H-type LPSOs. These results indicate that the segregation of Zn is faster than that of Y, and that the transition layer is a non-stoichiometric 18R-type LPSO with Zn-rich lower concentration of the solute elements, which connects an 18R-type LPSO and an α-Mg matrix.
- High angle annular dark field-scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM)
- Long-period stacking order structure (LPSO)
- Magnesium alloy
- Transition layer