Contact enhancement of locomotion in spreading cell colonies

Joseph D'alessandro, Alexandre P. Solon, Yoshinori Hayakawa, Christophe Anjard, François Detcheverry, Jean Paul Rieu, Charlotte Rivière

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dispersal of cells from an initially constrained location is a crucial aspect of many physiological phenomena, ranging from morphogenesis to tumour spreading. In such processes, cell-cell interactions may deeply alter the motion of single cells, and in turn the collective dynamics. While contact phenomena like contact inhibition of locomotion are known to come into play at high densities, here we focus on the little explored case of non-cohesive cells at moderate densities. We fully characterize the spreading of micropatterned colonies of Dictyostelium discoideum cells from the complete set of individual trajectories. From data analysis and simulation of an elementary model, we demonstrate that contact interactions act to speed up the early population spreading by promoting individual cells to a state of higher persistence, which constitutes an as-yet unreported contact enhancement of locomotion. Our findings also suggest that the current modelling paradigm of memoryless active particles may need to be extended to account for the history-dependent internal state of motile cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1005
Number of pages7
JournalNature Physics
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 4

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