Correlation between cyclic fatigue and the bending properties of nickel titanium endodontic instruments

Jindan Piao, Kana Miyara, Arata Ebihara, Naoyuki Nomura, Takao Hanawa, Hideaki Suda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of cyclic fatigue on bending properties of NiTi endodontic instruments were investigated. Sixteen Profiles® were divided into two groups (A, and B). The sequence of cantilever bending test and cyclic fatigue test was alternated repeatedly until file separation occurred. In the cyclic fatigue test, the instrument curvature was 19° in group A and 38° in group B. Fractographic examination was performed to determine fracture patterns. In group A, there were significant differences between the bending load values measured before the cyclic fatigue test and the last cantilever bending test before instrument fracture at each deflection (p<0.05). Fractographic examination showed the specific patterns of cyclic fatigue fracture. The stress required to induce martensitic transformation might be reduced due to the softening behavior caused by the cyclic fatigue under the relaxation condition of the superelasticity range (group A). The SEM images were able to display specific patterns indicating cyclic fatigue fracture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-544
Number of pages6
JournalDental Materials Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Bending properties
  • Bending test
  • Cyclic fatigue fracture
  • Fractographic examination
  • Nickel-titanium rotary file


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