Correlation between serum IL-6 levels and death: Usefulness in diagnosis of "traumatic shock"?

Sohtaro Mimasaka, Masaki Hashiyada, Masayuki Nata, Masato Funayama

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25 Citations (Scopus)


Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been considered as an important mediator of inflammation. Clinically it is a well-known marker of the severity of injury following major trauma. In this study, the levels of IL-6 in body serum were applied to a traumatic death index. Of ninety victims 55 were men and 35 women, with a mean age of 53.4±19 (S.D.) years. The cases were classified as traumatic deaths (38 cases), non-traumatic deaths other than natural causes of deaths (36 cases), and deaths due to natural causes (16 cases). All samples were collected within 2 days after death. The mean values of IL-6 levels of the traumatic, non-traumatic and disease groups were 8608.97, 2205.65, and 3266.64 pg/ml, respectively. Some cases in non-traumatic and disease cases were beyond 10 000 pg/ml, however, the mean value of the traumatic group was statistically higher than that of the other two groups. Even though several cases had high levels of IL-6 in spite of instantaneous death, the results showed that IL-6 levels are helpful in the diagnosis of traumatic shock. - forensic medicine; autopsy case; IL-6; trauma; shock

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr


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