DNA methylation at the C-5 position of cytosine (5mC) regulates gene expression and plays pivotal roles invarious biological processes. The TET dioxygenases catalyze iterative oxidation of 5mC, leading toeventual demethylation. Inactivation of TET enzymes causes multistage developmental defects, impaired cell reprogramming, and hematopoietic malignancies. However, little is known about how TET activity is regulated. Here we show that all three TET proteins bind to VprBP and are monoubiquitylated by the VprBP-DDB1-CUL4-ROC1 E3 ubiquitin ligase (CRL4VprBP) on a highly conserved lysine residue. Deletion of VprBP in oocytes abrogated paternal DNA hydroxymethylation in zygotes. VprBP-mediated monoubiquitylation promotes TET binding to chromatin. Multiple recurrent TET2-inactivating mutations derived from leukemia target either the monoubiquitylation site (K1299) or residues essential for VprBP binding. Cumulatively, our data demonstrate that CRL4VprBP is a critical regulator of TET dioxygenases during development and in tumor suppression.
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Jan 22|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology