Crystal growth and luminescence properties of organic crystal scintillators for α-rays detection

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Scintillation and luminescence properties of a novel organic crystal scintillator, 1,4-bis(2-methylstyryl)benzene (bis-MSB), were measured and compared with those of the conventional trans-stilbene organic crystal scintillator. Although trans-stilbene has been used for beta or neutron detection, trans-stilbene cannot be applied at high temperature conditions due to a lower melting point (124 °C). Liquid scintillators or plastic scintillators also cannot be used at high temperature. Usually, bis-MSB has been used as dopant in liquid scintillators to obtain fast scintillation decay and high luminescence quantum yield, and its melting point is 181 °C higher than that of trans-stilbene. In this paper, we focused on bis-MSB in solid state. The bis-MSB and trans-stilbene crystals were grown by the self-seeding vertical Bridgman method using double quartz ampoules. The bis-MSB crystal had the fast decay time of ∼4.2 ns and the increased light yield of ∼12,000 ph/5.5 MeV(α), while trans-stilbene had the decay time of ∼8.5 ns and the light yield of ∼8500 ph/5.5 MeV(α). The photoluminescence quantum yield was almost constant up to 125 °C for bis-MSB and only up to 50 °C for trans-stilbene. We succeeded in obtaining the novel organic crystal scintillator which can operate even at higher temperature up to 125 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalOptical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug


  • Alpha-ray
  • Double crucible technique
  • Growth from melt
  • High temperature
  • Organic crystal
  • Scintillator


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