Crystal growth and luminescence properties of phenanthrene for neutron detection

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Phenanthrene crystals were grown by the self-seeding vertical Bridgman technique as a neutron scintillation material and their luminescence properties were evaluated. As-grown crystals had no secondary phases from the results of the powder X-ray Diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer measurements. The radioluminescence emission spectrum had a peak at 408 nm and its profile was similar to that of the photoluminescence emission spectrum. The relative light yield under 5.5-MeV alpha-ray was 1.15 times higher than that of lithium glass GS-20. The light yield of phenanthrene under 662 keV gamma-ray is estimated to be 38 ± 2% of NaI:Tl. The scintillation decay time under neutron excitation was estimated to be 7.30 ± 0.14 ns.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126494
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1


  • A2. Bridgman technique
  • A2. Growth from melt
  • B1. Organic compounds
  • B2. Scintillator materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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