Crystal growth of Ce: PrF3 by micro-pulling-down method

A. Yoshikawa, T. Satonaga, K. Kamada, H. Sato, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, T. Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Citations (Scopus)


Micro-pulling-down (μ-PD) growth apparatus was modified for fluoride crystals. PrF3 was grown with various concentrations of Ce 3+ from 0-100%. The crystals were transparent and colorless (CeF 3) or greenish and 3mm in diameter and 15-50 mm in length. Neither visible inclusions nor cracks were observed. Radioluminescence spectra and decay kinetics were measured for the sample set at room temperature. In comparison to the Czochralski or Bridgman method, the μ-PD method allows to produce single crystalline material in a faster thus more economic way. Once it is established for the fluoride crystals, it is an efficient tool for exploring the field of new functional fluorides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-432
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1


  • A1. Energy transfer
  • A1. Luminescence
  • A2. Micro-pulling-down method
  • A3. Single crystal growth
  • B1. Ce
  • B1. Fluoride
  • B3. Scintillators


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