Crystal structure and electrical properties of (1 -x)BiFeO 3-xBiCoO3 thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition

Ko Onuma, Hajime Hojo, Yuichi Ikuhara, Masaki Azuma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    BiFeO3 (BFO) has attracted much attention because of its room-temperature multiferroic properties with a ferroelectric Curie temperature of Tc~-830 °C and an antiferromagnetic Néel temperature of TN~370 °C. Concerning the electrical properties, although its spontaneous polarization is as large as ~100μC/cm2, the piezoelectric constant (d33~60pm/V) is far smaller than those of lead containing piezoceramics, such as Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT). An improved piezoelectric response is expected in the solid solution of rhombohedral BFO and tetragonal BiCoO3, (1-x)BiFeO3-xcBiCoO3 (BFCO), owing to the presence of morphotropic phase boundary (MPB)1) similar to PZT. In this study, epitaxial thin films of BFCO with x = 0 - 0.1 were prepared on SrRuO3(SRO) (001)/SrTiO3(STO) (001) substrates by pulsed laser deposition, and their crystal structure and electrical properties were investigated. We successfully obtained single phase of epitaxial BFCO thin films with well-saturated polarization-electric field hysteresis loops at room temperature. Sharp BFCO/SRO and SRO/STO interfaces without intermixing and a good quality of BFCO were found by transmission electron microscopy. The effective d33 estimated from the slope of the displacement-electric curve of the BFO film was ~ 60 pm/V, which is comparable to that reported by other investigators. The d33 value of the BFCO thin film increased with increasing Co content and reached ~100 pm/V at x = 0.1.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)44-49
    Number of pages6
    JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan


    • Bismuth cobaltite
    • Bismuth ferrite
    • Morphotropic phase boundary
    • Piezoelectric material
    • Pulsed laser deposition

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Materials Chemistry


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