Crystal structure of metastable κ-CeZrO4 phase possessing an ordered arrangement of Ce and Zr ions

Haruo Kishimoto, Takahisa Omata, Shinya Otsuka-Yao-Matsuo, Kazushige Ueda, Hideo Hosono, Hiroshi Kawazoe

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118 Citations (Scopus)


A pyrochlore-type precursor having less anti-phase domain boundaries was prepared by reducing a single t′-(Ce0.5Zr0.5)O2 phase at 1573 K. Its oxidation at 873 K proceeded leaving the ordered arrangement of Ce and Zr ions. In the powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern of the metastable κ-CeZrO4 phase obtained, many small and sharp superlattice diffractions, characterizing the crystal structure of the κ-CeZrO4 phase, were observed in addition to the diffractions observed in the pyrochlore-type precursor. All the diffraction peaks could be indexed on the basis of the cubic lattice with a = 1.05270 nm. The condition limiting possible diffractions for space groups of P23, P213 and P4̄3m agreed with the XRD data and also the space groups permitted the ordered arrangement Ce4+ and Zr4+ ions along with 〈110〉 direction similar to the pyrochlore-type precursor. Finally, it was found from Rietveld analysis that the κ-CeZrO4 phase belongs to the space group of P213. In the ZrO8 polyhedron of the κ-CeZrO4, long and short Zr-O bonds compared with the average Zr-O bond length existed. The long and short Zr-O bonds may relax the compulsive 8-fold coordination of Zr4+ ions. A pair of enantiomorphic coordinates belonging to the same space group of P213 was appeared for the κ-CeZrO4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-103
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Nov 16


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