Crystallization behavior of Li2O-SiO2, Na2O-SiO2 and Na2O-CaO-SiO2 glasses

Koichi Tsutsumi, Jun ichi Ohtake, Tetsuya Nagasaka, Mitsutaka Hino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


It has been known that crystallization of mold powder is effective on the disturbance of heat transfer between mold and solidified shell in production of middle carbon steel slabs in continuous casting process. But it has not yet been made clear which composition of mold powder is the most suitable for crystallization. The crystallization behavior of Li2O-SiO2, Na2O-SiO2 and Na2O-CaO-SiO2 glasses was observed by differential thermal analysis (DTA) and hot-thermocouple methods with DTA in the present work. As a result, addition of alkaline metal and alkaline earth metal oxides to SiO2 increased the critical cooling rate for glass formation in binary system of Li2O-SiO2 and Na2O-SiO2, and Li2O-SiO2 system crystallized easier than Na2O-SiO2 system. In ternary system of Na2O-CaO-SiO2, addition of Na2O hurried the critical cooling rate at CaO/SiO2 = 0.93 mass ratio, but the rate was almost constant in the composition range of more than 15 mass% Na2O. The slag of CaO/SiO2 = 0.93 made the rate faster than the slag of CaO/SiO2 = 0.47 at constant content of 10mass% Na2O.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-469
Number of pages6
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998


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