Current-induced macrospin versus spin-wave excitations in spin valves

Arne Brataas, Yaroslav Tserkovnyak, Gerrit E.W. Bauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The mode dependence of current-induced magnetic excitations in spin valves is studied theoretically. The torque exerted on the magnetization by transverse spin currents as well as the Gilbert damping constant are found to depend strongly on the wavelength of the excitation (spin wave). Analytic expressions are presented for the critical currents that excite a selected spin wave. The onset of macrospin (zero wavelength) vs finite wavelength instabilities depends on the device parameters and the current direction, in agreement with recent experimental findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014408
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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