Cyano-bridged Mn III-M III single-chain magnets with M III=Co III, Fe III, Mn III, and Cr III

Hitoshi Miyasaka, Tomokura Madanbashi, Ayumi Saitoh, Natsuko Motokawa, Ryuta Ishikawa, Masahiro Yamashita, Stefan Bahr, Wolfgang Wernsdorfer, Rodolphe Clérac

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119 Citations (Scopus)


A series of isostructural cyano-bridged Mn III(h.s.)-M III(l.s.) alternating chains, [Mn III(5-TMAMsalen)M III(CN) 6]·4H 2O (5-TMAMsalen 2-=N,N′-ethylenebis(5- trimethylammoniomethylsalicylideneiminate), Mn III(h.s.)=high-spin Mn III, M III(l.s.)=low-spin Co III, Mn-Co; Fe III, Mn-Fe; Mn III, Mn-Mn; Cr III, Mn-Cr) was synthesized by assembling [Mn III(5-TMAMsalen)] 3+ and [M III(CN) 6] 3-. The chains present in the four compounds, which crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c, are composed of an [-Mn III-NC-M III-CN-] repeating motif, for which the -NC-M III-CN- motif is provided by the [M III(CN) 6] 3- moiety adopting a trans bridging mode between [Mn III(5-TMAMsalen)] 3+ cations. The Mn III and M III ions occupy special crystallographic positions: a C 2 axis and an inversion center, respectively, forming a highly symmetrical chain with only one kind of cyano bridge. The Jahn-Teller axis of the Mn III(h.s.) ion is perpendicular to the N 2O 2 plane formed by the 5-TMAMsalen tetradentate ligand. These Jahn-Teller axes are all perfectly aligned along the unique chain direction without a bending angle, although the chains are corrugated with an Mn-N axis-C angle of about 144°. In the crystal structures, the chains are well separated with the nearest inter-chain M⋯M distance being relatively large at 9 Å due to steric hindrance of the bulky trimethylammoniomethyl groups of the 5-TMAMsalen ligand. The magnetic properties of these compounds have been thoroughly studied. Mn-Fe and Mn-Mn display intra-chain ferromagnetic interactions, whereas Mn-Cr is characterized by an antiferromagnetic exchange that induces a ferrimagnetic spin arrangement along the chain. Detailed analyses of both static and dynamic magnetic properties have demonstrated without ambiguity the single-chain magnet (SCM) behavior of these three systems, whereas Mn-Co is merely paramagnetic with S Mn=2 and D/k B=-5.3 K (D being a zero-field splitting parameter). At low temperatures, the Mn-M compounds with M=Fe, Mn, and Cr display remarkably large M versus H hysteresis loops for applied magnetic fields along the easy magnetic direction that corresponds to the chain direction. The temperature dependence of the associated relaxation time for this series of compounds systematically exhibits a crossover between two Arrhenius laws corresponding to infinite-chain and finite-chain regimes for the SCM behavior. These isostructural hetero-spin SCMs offer a unique series of alternating [-Mn-NC-M-CN-] chains, enabling physicists to test theoretical SCM models between the Ising and Heisenberg limits. New SCM systems: A series of isostructural cyano-bridged Mn III(h.s.)-M III(l.s.) alternating chains was synthesized by assembling a tricationic Mn III salen-type complex and [M III(CN) 6] 3- complexes (see scheme). The three compounds with M=Fe, Mn, and Cr behave as single-chain magnets (SCMs) despite their different spin states and correlations, whereas the M=Co system displays simple paramagnetism. These hetero-spin SCMs offer a unique system to test future SCM models between the Ising and Heisenberg limits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3942-3954
Number of pages13
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 26


  • Ising/Heisenberg regimes
  • chain structures
  • low-temperature physics
  • magnetic properties
  • single-chain magnets


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