Cyclic pressure-induced cytokines from gingival fibroblasts stimulate osteoclast activity: Clinical implications for alveolar bone loss in denture wearers

Yoshihiro Akashi, Atsuhiro Nagasaki, Hiroko Okawa, Takuya Matsumoto, Takeru Kondo, Hirofumi Yatani, Ichiro Nishimura, Hiroshi Egusa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The involvement of oral mucosa cells in mechanical stress-induced bone resorption is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cyclic pressure-induced cytokines from oral mucosal cells (human gingival fibro-blasts: hGFs) on osteoclast activity in vitro. Methods: Cyclic pressure at 50 kPa, which represents high physiologic occlusal force of dentures on the molar area, was applied to hGFs. NFAT-reporter stable RAW264.7 preosteoclasts (NFAT/Luc-RAW cells) were cultured in conditioned me-dium collected from hGF cultures under cyclic pressure or static conditions. NFAT activity and osteoclast formation were determined by luciferase reporter assay and TRAP staining, respectively. Cyclic pressure-induced cytokines in hGF culture were detected by ELISA, real-time RT-PCR, and cytokine array analyses. Results: Conditioned media from hGFs treated with 48 hours of cyclic pressure significantly induced NFAT activity and increased multinucleated osteoclast formation. Furthermore, the cyclic pressure significantly increased the bone resorp-tion activity of RAW264.7 cells. Cyclic pressure significantly increased the expression of major inflammatory cytokines including IL-1β/IL-1β, IL-6/IL-6, IL-8/IL-8 and MCP-1/CCL2 in hGFs compared to hGFs cultured under static conditions, and it suppressed osteoprotegerin (OPG/OPG) expression. A cytokine array detected 12 cyclic pressure-induced candidates. Among them, IL-8, decorin, MCP-1 and ferritin increased, whereas IL-28A and PDGF-BB decreased, NFAT activation of NFAT/ Luc-RAW cells. Conclusions: These results suggest that cyclic pressure-induced cytokines from hGFs promote osteoclastogenesis, pos-sibly including up-regulation of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and MCP-1, and down-regulation of OPG. These findings introduce the possible involvement of GFs in mechanical stress-induced alveolar ridge resorption, such as in denture wearers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-86
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Bone resorption
  • Cytokines
  • Gingival fibroblasts
  • Mechanical stress
  • Osteoclasts

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