Cyclopentane-forming di/sesterterpene synthases: Widely distributed enzymes in bacteria, fungi, and plants

Atsushi Minami, Taro Ozaki, Chengwei Liu, Hideaki Oikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


Covering: 2000 to 2018 In the late 1960s, structurally unique fusicoccane- and ophiobolane-type di/sesterterpenes were isolated and their homologs were found to be widely distributed in various organisms. Nearly a half century later, the first terpene synthase PaFS was identified, which triggered the discovery of a number of di/sesterterpene synthases, which were named as cyclopentane-forming terpene synthases (CPF-TSs). In the past 10 years, CPF-TSs have emerged as a new type of class I terpene synthases, which afford di/sesterterpenes with characteristic polycyclic molecular skeletons; they catalyze two different types of cyclizations, defined as type A and B, which are relevant to the initial cyclization mode of a polyprenyl diphosphate. This review summarizes the characteristic features of CPF-TSs from various sources and detailed cyclization mechanisms; we have also discussed the structural diversification strategy of these novel enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1330-1346
Number of pages17
JournalNatural Product Reports
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry


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